Obesity and Testosterone: 5 More Reasons to Lose Weight
By Ali Kuoppala | Last reviewed Tue 25 September 2018
Medical Review by Dr. Stefano Pizzo, MD
Obesity is a topic that gets a lot of attention in the media, and that’s not a big surprise as we’re getting fatter with each passing year.
Experts actually agree that this generation of teens is going to be the first one to die before their parents due to complications caused by obesity. That’s how bad the situation really is, and trust me it’s only getting worse.
Aside from the more well-known side effects of obesity – such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, respiratory issues, etc – Here’s a detailed post about what the excess fat mass will do to your hormonal health…
…Hence the title: 5 Hormonal Reasons to Get rid of that Excess Fat Mass:
1. Fat Belly Neutralizes DHT
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is the strongest, most potent, androgen present in the male body.
It’s the hormone that induces body hair and beard growth, maturates sexual organs in puberty, increases lean muscle mass, and so forth, just like testosterone does, except that it’s 3-10 times stronger.
DHT is one of the reasons why it’s so beneficial to have high testosterone levels in the first place, as DHT is actually made when an enzyme called 5-alpha reductase converts testosterone (T) into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a natural process which is needed for testosterone to exert its full effects in the body…
So all-in-all DHT is a beneficial hormone for us men. Truth to be told without it we’d all be eunuchs, no matter how high the testosterone.
And now that you know why DHT is so important, I’d like to show you a study about the effects that fat belly has on testosterone.
A group of Canadian researchers at Laval University tried to figure out the reasons why fat men often have lower androgen levels in their serum when compared to lean individuals.
What they found out was that the enzymes located in adipose tissue (fat mass) literally neutralize DHT, breaking it down into a less potent byproduct, 5alpha-androstane 3alpha,17beta-diol.
In short, their conclusion was this: The more fat a man has hanging around, the more the active DHT in his body is neutralized.
2. Fat Mass Increases Aromatase Enzyme Activity
The aromatase enzyme is responsible for the conversion of androgens (male hormones) into estrogens (female hormones).
In other words, it literally converts the hormone that makes you a man into a hormone that makes a woman.
Basically, the more aromatase enzyme activity you have, the lower your testosterone, and the higher your estrogen levels will be.
And it just so happens that the enzyme basically lives inside of your fat cells, especially in the abdominal area, which is why studies have found that the more excess fat you carry around, the higher your aromatase activity will be.
3. Obese People Have High Baseline Leptin
Leptin is a satiety hormone that controls the feelings of fullness, metabolism, and appetite, along with multiple other functions…
…Simply put, when leptin levels rise, your brain receives a signal that you’ve had enough to eat, and that your fat reserves are “full”. This reduces appetite and is also your “natural protection” from overeating and obesity.
But what has this to do with obesity and fat mass?
Answer: Everything, as leptin is secreted from the adipose tissue, meaning that the more fat you have, the higher your baseline leptin levels will be, thus also lower the testosterone.
4. Visceral Fat is Linked to Low T
Visceral fat is the abdominal fat that surrounds your internal organs.
Everyone has some, but individuals who are obese, stressed out, and sedentary can have pretty dramatic amounts of this extremely unhealthy kind of fat surrounding their important organs.
Increased visceral fat is commonly linked to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, fatty liver, and metabolic syndrome.
5. High Cortisol and Obesity Come Together
Cortisol is the principal stress hormone of the human body.
And it just so happens that being fat – will also increase cortisol – possibly due to oxidative stress inside the body.
So this is without a question, a bad thing, as cortisol lowers testosterone and increases the already elevated aromatase enzyme activity and the amount of visceral fat of an obese person.
Being fat is like a deathblow to testosterone. No amount of supplements or trickery will help if you refuse to get lean. In other words, testosterone and obesity don’t go that well together, it’s basically the one or another.
I’d choose the first one every time.
NOTE: In case you’re looking for a solid testosterone-friendly diet, then go ahead and check out this article.